Effects of diabetes on the menstrual cycle


Do you have diabete? Irregularity in menstrual cycle can result from it, so you need to be aware of this possibility. Too much glucose (a type of sugar) in the blood is diabetes. High levels of blood glucose or diabetes can damage the body’s organs over time. Symptoms of long-term damage include damage to large and small blood vessels, resulting in heart attacks and strokes, in addition to kidney, gum, eye, foot, nerve, and menstrual problems. 

You heard that right, ladies. Unbalanced blood sugar levels can interfere with menstrual cycles. The following information will help you better understand the relationship between diabetes and menstruation and when to seek medical advice.

Diabetes and menstruation

Periods and diabetes are bidirectionally connected. Diabetes may cause unusual changes in the menstrual cycle. Similarly, hormone changes during their menstrual cycle can also affect a person’s diabetes. An irregular menstrual cycle is not only because of diabetes but likely can play a role in affecting blood sugar levels. Thus, it becomes a vicious cycle. 

Diabetes can affect menstrual cycles.

A woman with diabetes has more chances to experience menstrual abnormalities because of hormonal disruption. Type 2 diabetes puts women at higher risk of obesity and PCOS (Polycystic Ovarian Syndrome). They are at greater risk of irregular periods, scanty flow, and abnormal hair growth on their faces and other parts of their bodies as a result.

Additionally, women with diabetes are at risk for a condition known as anovulation. This indicates that the ovary isn’t releasing an egg into the fallopian tube. Pregnancy requires ovulation, so a lack of ovulation makes getting pregnant harder. 

Especially in type 1 diabetes, menstrual cycles can affect blood sugar levels. As progesterone levels rise in the latter half of the menstrual cycle, insulin function can be disrupted, and blood glucose levels rise. Women may also experience cravings during their periods.

Other factors

Combining obesity and type 2 diabetes can also increase the risk of developing endometrial cancer (uterine cancer). Women whose menstrual cycles suddenly change need to evaluate and treat seriously. Furthermore, diabetes patients are more likely to experience depression and anxiety, and these individuals may also experience mood changes during their periods.

How can you manage irregular menstruation and diabetes?

Consult your doctor if you experience an abnormal pattern of periods. A healthy diet, regular physical activity, and weight management can reduce anovulation in obese and PCOS patients with diabetes. Menstrual cycle monitoring should include blood glucose, mood, and eating patterns. 

Furthermore, women with diabetes type 1 may need to adjust the insulin doses around the time of their periods.

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